September 16, 2014
What do the laws on amnesty and special status presuppose?
In order to continue the truce in Eastern Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko submitted to the Parliament law on special status of some regions of Donbas and law on amnesty for separatists.
According to Poroshenko’s plan the realization of such laws will allow to stop war in Donbas. The president’s initiatives aroused lots of critics among Ukrainian community and members of the Parliament. The laws was approved during the closed session.
According to the accepted laws the special procedure for local governments in some regions of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts has been introduce temporarily – for 3 years. Meanwhile, the list of regions, towns and villages where the special procedure will be implemented is to be determined by Verkhovna Rada [Parliament].
The financing of the territories is at the expense of Ukrainian budget. Local governments can sign agreements on economic, social and cultural development of the region with the Ministry Cabinet of Ukraine.
Amnesty in Donbas
According to the second law proposed by the President, participants of armed groups and self-proclaimed authorities of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts who (in the period from February 22, 2014 until the day of entering into force of this law) have counteracted anti-terrorist operation and also people who have committed activities that include elements of the crimes shall be exempt from criminal liability.
In this case only those who voluntarily surrender their weapons, release prisoners and seized buildings, file appropriate application to pre-trial investigation agency are exempt from liability.
The people, who have committed acts that led to clash of Malaysia Airlines Boeing on July 17, suspected or accused of committing grave and especially grave crimes according to the Criminal Code are not exempt from liability.