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June 28 – Day of Constitution in Ukraine

June 28 – Day of Constitution in Ukraine

Today Ukraine celebrates Day of Constitution.

This state holiday was established in the constitution itself and it is celebrated annually in order to honor adoption of Constitution of Independent Ukraine.

The country’s Basic Law was adopted on June 28, 1996 during the 5th session of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the second convocation.

The Constitution came into force since the day of its adoption.

Current basic law of Ukraine consists of 15 chapters. 161 articles form 14 sections and XV section contains 16 transitional decisions. The main text is preceded by Preamble.

June 28 – Day of Constitution in Ukraine

Monument to Pylyp Orlyk

The first Ukrainian Constitution was created by Cossack Hetmal Pylyp Orlyk in 1710. This document is considered to be one of the first Constitutions of Europe as well. The document was written in Old Ukrainian and Latin. The Latin copy is preserved in National Archive in Sweden, Ukrainian copy is in Russian State Archive.

 

Current Basic Law of Ukraine has undergone many changes since its adoption.

On September 30, 2010 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine canceled Constitution reform of 2004, thus country returned to validity of country’s basic law adopted in 1996 and the form of government returned to presidential-parliamentary scheme.

On February 21, 2014 the previous decision was canceled, Ukraine returned to Constitution adopted in 2004 and the current form of government is parliamentary-presidential.

Current president of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko submitted to the parliament draft amendments to country’s basic law. The amendments provide decentralization of power in Ukraine.

Source: unian.ua


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