Maidans of 2004 and 2013 can be compared to old Rus councils in an emergency. Ukrainian historians expressed this opinion during press briefing at Ukraine Crisis Media Center which was organized within the framework of special project to the firs anniversary of Euromaidan.
According to them, Euromaidan has become a page in Ukrainian history. ‘Just as in 2004 – during Orange revolution, and in 2013, when the Euromaidan began, people hoped for new powerful changes. It is one thing to make democracy last a month but it is more difficult to make it last for years’, – says historian, ethnosociologist, writer, manager of the project ‘likbez. Historical front’ Kyrylo Halushko.
According to Halushko, a social wave appeared during Euromaidan and it does not cease today. However, the focus and thing it is involved in has shifted from Kyiv to Donbas. 3 months of the last year shook the uncertainty that was inherent to Ukrainians before. ‘Comparing phenomenon of Maidans 2004 and Euromaidan 2013 we can say that the events of Orange revolution were a mass phenomenon, however, they did not evolve into social and public industry. There was o feeling of crisis, danger, that Maidan did not become the social shock and there were no victims’, – explains Ukrainian historian.
Volodymyr Vyatovych, historian, director of Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, reminds about the third Maidan in addition to the previous mentioned. The third Maidan took place at the turn of the 90-s. Vyatovych asks: ‘now we are talking about 3 Maidans, but were they revolutions?’.
‘It seems to me that we cannot call any of these events a finished revolution. Unfortunately, revolution on granite in 1990 did not cause systematic social changes. In 2004 Ukrainians rose up to protest again, but they did not manage to take advantage of this victory. It depends on us whether there will be a revolution in social and political sense. Will we manage to transform the energy of the third mass protest into systematic political reforms that would allow us to become a new country? Euromaidan in Ukraine will become a real revolution when government carries out the reforms’.
Historian and journalist Andriy Plahonin adds to the points of his colleague. He believes that there are not 3 revolutions but an unfinished one that is why ‘Ukrainians gather from time to time to finish this one revolution, they gather and each time lead it further – barricades are a little bit higher, there are more talks of reforms and, unfortunately, there are more victims’. According to Plahonin, Euromaidan is special because it takes place on the background of intervention. Historian underlines that he speaks not only of military events but also about ideological war against our country. First brains of people were occupied and then the cities where these people live.